In recent times, you will no doubt have seen lots of discussion about the outbreak of the Ebola virus disease in parts of Africa. Although not particularly well-known, Ebola is one of the deadliest viruses known to man and it brings with it a huge set of incredible problems.
Although many are overreacting to the current situation with regards to the potential of it being a global problem, it’s something worth knowing about. If you are looking to find out more about the Ebola virus and its parameters, then you have come to the right place.
What is the Ebola Virus?
Because of the role it plays in the hit horror movie 28 Days Later, the Ebola virus has a fearsome reputation among those who know about it. Therefore, the conception of what it can potentially do to us is terrifying, and although we might not turn into ravenous monsters due to the virus, it has some incredible terrifying traits.
Otherwise known as the Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, it is a severe illness that has a fatality rate of up to 90% when it reaches outbreak phase. It’s most common outbreaks are in tropical locations, and small remote villages in Central and Western Africa.
How Does Ebola Transmit?
Transmission varies. It could range from animal to animal, animal to humans and humans to humans. Fruit Bats are considered to be the host of the virus by man, and with no specific treatments available, those who suffer from the virus require intense medical treatment and a lot of hope that they be in the 10% who survive.
Transmission across humans is usually through blood, organs or bodily fluids. Infections in Africa can come from infected animals like monkeys, porcupines or – as mentioned above – fruit bats. The main problem with the Ebola virus is that it can take up to twenty one days for the virus to be noticeable in a human. This is serious because the infected individual may have unintentionally infected others during the period of incubation, thus, making it difficult to control the disease.
When did Ebola first appear?
The Ebola virus first appeared in 1976, when two outbreaks in Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo occurred simultaneously. The village that suffered in Congo, Yambuku, was situated next to the Ebola River. There are different forms of Ebola, and some have been found in the Phillippinnes and China. However, this different strain of the virus – Reston Ebolavirus – has no known casualties or illnesses within humans.
What does Ebola do?
The most common signs of the Ebola virus being present are muscle pains, sore throats, headaches, weakness, fever and vomiting. Hemorrhaging is also another known effect from being infected with the virus. Other symptoms include; impaired liver and kidney function, as well as low white blood cell counts. In short, the Ebola virus is very fatal in the absence of medical support or assistance and luck itself.
With no known cure at the moment, health organizations around the world are scrambling to contain the outbreak to ensure that it does as little damage as possible. The current outbreak of Ebola in West Africa is said to be the biggest outbreak since its history.
(Vid Source: wsj)